Date of Award


Degree Type

Master's Essay - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Robert W. Reichert


In the realms of fashion, art and music, the contributions of the eighteenth and nineteenth - century Parisian salons have been established. It is known that Mozart, Liszt, and Wagner found benefactresses in these salons. Students of social etiquette look to these gatherings as examples of gracious living. Literary figures may discover that in the absence of publishing houses, the eighteenth-century salon mistresses promoted the works of Voltaire, Montesquieu and Rousseau, and the novelists and artists in the following century sought invitations to read and display their works in the influential salons. But it is all too easy to stress the cultural contributions of the Parisian salons while overlooking their equally significant position in the political life of France.