Date of Award

Fall 1982

Degree Type

Master's Essay - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)




The central problem of this essay is why John Collier and his adherants differed so greatly with Protestant missionaries on their notions of Indian welface in the 1920's. Both the Collier group and the missionaries were deeply committed to seeing the quality of Indian life improved, but two irreconcilable ideologies made full cooperation between the two groups impossible. Issues like the Indian dance controversy, peyote use by Indians, the Indian policy of the Federal government, and the assimilation of Indian culture illustrate the lines of this ideological conflict.