Date of Award

Spring 1991

Degree Type

Master's Essay - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Fox, Robert


This project reviewed the reliability of 17 parental measurement techniques reported in the literature. Estimates of reliability can be measured through the use Of test-retest methods, alternate forms, internal consistency, and interrater. In this study, 17 parental measurement techniques were evaluated based on the test-retest (stability over time) and internal reliability methods. The present discussion was limited to self-report inventories that are measuring parents' attitudes, expectations, beliefs, and/or behaviors. In addition, the reliability of the Parenting Inventory:Young Children (PIYC) was evaluated. Estimates of stability over time and internal consistency are reported for the PIYC three domain scores: Nurturing; Expectations; and Discipline. Pearson correlations and coefficient alphas were used to estimate reliability for the PIYC. T-tests were also employed to determine differences between mothers' and fathers' domain scores. Results indicated moderately high to high correlations between mothers' responses on the PIYC at 1 week intervals. Moreover, high alpha coefficients were. reported for estimates of internal reliability. Inter-Parent differences resulted when comparisons were made between mothers' scores and fathers' scores on the Nurturing scale. Mothers tended to exhibit higher nurturing behaviors than fathers which demonstrated the unique differences between parents nurturing style. In contrast, mothers' and fathers' domain scores demonstrated a strong relationship on the discipline and expectations scale. The present investigation provides good support for the reliability of the Parenting Inventory : Young Children and it's use as a parenting measurement technique.