Document Type




Publication Date



National Athletic Trainers Association

Source Publication

Journal of Athletic Training

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-50.8.02


Context: Continued research into the mechanism of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury helps to improve clinical interventions and injury-prevention strategies. A better understanding of the effects of anticipation on landing neuromechanics may benefit training interventions.

Objective: To determine the effects of anticipation on lower extremity neuromechanics during a single-legged land-and-cut task.

Design: Controlled laboratory study.

Setting: University biomechanics laboratory.

Participants: Eighteen female National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I collegiate soccer players (age = 19.7 ± 0.8 years, height = 167.3 ± 6.0 cm, mass = 66.1 ± 2.1 kg).

Intervention(s): Participants performed a single-legged land-and-cut task under anticipated and unanticipated conditions.

Main Outcome Measure(s): Three-dimensional initial contact angles, peak joint angles, and peak internal joint moments and peak vertical ground reaction forces and sagittal-plane energy absorption of the 3 lower extremity joints; muscle activation of selected hip- and knee-joint muscles.

Results: Unanticipated cuts resulted in less knee flexion at initial contact and greater ankle toe-in displacement. Unanticipated cuts were also characterized by greater internal hip-abductor and external-rotator moments and smaller internal knee-extensor and external-rotator moments. Muscle-activation profiles during unanticipated cuts were associated with greater activation of the gluteus maximus during the precontact and landing phases.

Conclusions: Performing a cutting task under unanticipated conditions changed lower extremity neuromechanics compared with anticipated conditions. Most of the observed changes in lower extremity neuromechanics indicated the adoption of a hip-focused strategy during the unanticipated condition.


Published version. Journal of Athletic Training, Vol. 50, No. 9 (September 2015): 905-913. DOI. © 2015 National Athletic Trainers Association. Used with permission.