Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 2020



Source Publication

Real Estate Economics

Source ISSN



This article uses micro‐level data on small (as defined by Fannie Mae) multifamily loans in the Fannie Mae loan portfolio to examine prepayment and default performance. The results document the importance of equity, as measured by the loan‐to‐value ratio, and contemporaneous property operating income relative to debt service obligations, as measured by the debt‐to‐income ratio. Our results indicate that the expiration of prepayment penalties and yield maintenance provisions lead to large spikes in prepayment and default. The results also illustrate that multifamily loans, as they are not fully amortized, also have a substantial risk of both extension and default at term. The operating efficiency of the property, cash reserves and local economic conditions can also impact terminations.


Accepted version. Real Estate Economics, Vol. 48, No. 4 (Winter 2020): 1198-1233. DOI. © 2020 Wiley. Used with permission.

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