The national origins of characters are explored on many levels in the Gothic, especially in the case of the 'others' who are portrayed as a threat to 'Englishness'. The threat of invasion from without consistently produces the construction of Englishness in the Gothic novel. Continental Europe, the East, South America, and the colonies provide an antithesis against which Englishness is elaborated.

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See also: eighteenth century

Schmitt, Cannon. Alien Nation : Nineteenth-Century Gothic Fictions and English Nationality. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997. Print.




Ethelred & Lidania; OR, The Sacrifice to Woden [Transcript], Sarah Scudgell Wilkinson


The History of Zoa, the Beautiful Indian, Daughter of Henrietta de Bellgrave; and of Rodomond, Whom Zoa Releases from Confinement, and with Him Makes Her Escape from Her Father, Who Was the Occasion of Rodomond's Imprisonment and Dreadful Sufferings. To Which is Added the Memoirs of Lucy Harris, a Foundling, Who, at Sixteen Years of Age Was Discovered to be Daughter to the Countess of B- A True Story, Unknown


The True and Affecting History of Henrietta de Bellgrave; A Woman Born Only for Calamities. Being an Unhappy Daughter, Wretched Wife, and Unfortunate Mother; Containing a Series of the Most Uncommon Adventures that Ever Befel One Person by Sea and Land, Unknown