Floristic inventory of secondary vegetation in agricultural systems of East-Amazonia

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Biodiversity and Conservation


Small farmers in the Bragantina (East-Amazonia, Brazil) traditionally apply a rotation of 2 years cultivation and 4–10 years forest fallow. More recently introduced pepper plantations fell fallow after fungus hazards. We studied the floristic composition of this young secondary vegetation by means of 92 vegetation relevés in 58 plots of forest fallow and 34 plots of pepper fallow with sizes ranging from 40 to 300 m2. The age of the fallow vegetation ranged from 4 months to 10 years. We found 673 species belonging to 97 families. The list of plant species presented in the Appendix totals 827 species, including species collected in additional field surveys. The species are registered with scientific and local names as well as growth forms. The families with the largest numbers of species were Myrtaceae (34 species), Leguminosae (87), Sapindaceae (17), which contain mainly trees and shrubs, and Bignoniaceae (29), Connaraceae (12), Smilacaceae (22) with mainly vines, the forb dominated families Asteraceae (25), Euphorbiaceae (21), Rubiaceae (20), and Cyperaceae (16) and Poaceae (35). A comparison with local and regional inventories shows similarities to fallow vegetations and secondary forests, and floristic distance to primary forests.

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