Composition and floristic-structural diversity of a hectare of terra firme dense forest in Central Amazonia, Amazonas, Brazil
To investigate the composition and floristic diversity of one hectare of a dense forest on a terra firme oxisol plateau, 90 km from the Manaus (02Ã”Ã¸Î©35"45" S e 60Ã”Ã¸Î©12"40" W), all trees, lianas and palm trees with diameter at breast height (DBH) > 10 cm were inventoried along two parallel transects of 500 x 10 m. The landscape is vegetationally exuberant and homogeneous, with a large quantity of tall slender trees. A total of 670 individuals in 48 families, 133 genera and 245 species were registered in this floristic inventory. 467 of the plants sampled exhibited DBH < 22.1 cm, representing 70% of the total. Abarema mataybifolia (Sandw.) Barneby & Grimes, Leonia glycycarpa Ruiz & Pav., Swartzia reticulata Ducke and Aspidosperma oblongum A. DC. were the species with DBH > 90 cm. Families with greatest species richness and importance value were Fabaceae, Sapotaceae and Lecythidaceae. The Shannon-Wiener diversity (H" = 5.1) and evenness (E" = 0.92) indices suggest that the forest environment is very diversified, but with a relative uniformity of species. However, a uniform spatial distribution of the species in this forest environment was not observed. According to Mantel"s test (p < 0.001), the highest floristic similarity is a function of geographic proximity among suplots.