Studies on the anomalous cambial activity in Doxantha unguis-cati (Bignoniaceae). II. a case of differential production of secondary tissues.
American Journal of Botany
The peculiar secondary growth in Doxantha unguis-cati provides several developmental prob- lems concerning cambial activity. One of the most interesting of these problems is the presence of both unidirectional and bidirectional arcs of cambium within the same stem. This investigation reports the ontogenetic development of these two kinds of cambial arcs. The first cambial divi- sions are observed in the fascicular regions of the 11th to 16th internodes from the shoot tip. This event is initiated after internode elongation is completed. In the initial stages, secondary tissues have a cylindrical configuration, but subsequently four grooves become apparent. These grooves signify the first evidence of unidirectional cambial activity. The four unidirectional arcs occur near the four major vascular strands to which all of the leaf traces connect. As secondary growth continues, the bidirectional and unidirectional arcs of cambium become separated and radial fissues can be seen between the furrows of phloem and the lobes of secondary xylem. Additional furrows originate either as sets of four between the original set of four or as single furrows to either or both sides of an existing furrow. All furrows are bordered by multiseriate rays. The initials of the bidirectional and unidirectional cambial arcs are non-stratified and are similar in size and appearance. The phloem produced within the furrow differs in several respects from that produced by the bidirectional arcs. The two types of cambial activity and the precise locations of the unidirectional cambial arcs in the stem (i.e. near the four major strands) suggests that trans- ported products from the leaves are involved in the control of unidirectional cambial activity.