Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics
Let PG(k) be the number of proper k-colorings of a finite simple graph G. Tomescu's conjecture, which was recently solved by Fox, He, and Manners, states that PG(k)k!(k-1)(n – k) for all connected graphs G on n vertices with chromatic number k≥4. In this paper, we study the same problem with the additional constraint that G is ℓ-connected. For 2-connected graphs G, we prove a tight bound PG(k)≤(k – 1)!((k – 1)(n – k+1) + ( - 1)n – k) and show that equality is only achieved if G is a k-clique with an ear attached. For ℓ≥3, we prove an asymptotically tight upper bound PG(k)≤k!(k-1)n-l-k+1+O((k – 2)n ) and provide a matching lower bound construction. For the ranges k≥ℓ or ℓ ≥ (k-2)(k-1)+ 1 we further find the unique graph maximizing . We also consider generalizing ℓ-connected graphs to connected graphs with minimum degree δ.
Engbers, John; Erey, Aysel; Fox, Jacob; and He, Xiaoyu, "Tomescu's Graph Coloring Conjecture for 𝓁-Connected Graphs" (2021). Mathematical and Statistical Science Faculty Research and Publications. 82.