Design and Evaluation of a Passive Ankle Prosthesis With Rotational Power Generation by a Compliant Coupling Between Leg Deflection and Ankle Rotation
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Proceedings of the ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
This paper presents the design and simulation results of a passive prosthetic ankle prosthesis that has mechanical behavior similar to a natural ankle. The presented design achieves active behavior with powered push-off to propel the body forward. The design contains a conventional compression spring network that allows coupling between two degrees of freedom. There is a translational degree of freedom along the leg and a rotational degree of freedom about the ankle joint. During a standard gait cycle, potential energy from the person’s weight is stored in the spring network from deflection along the leg. The energy is released by the spring network as rotation of the foot. With this design, capping the allowable leg deflection at 15 millimeters produces 45% of the rotational work that a natural ankle will produce. This is based on simulation using published average kinetic and kinematic data from gait analyses.