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Multicomponent fuel droplet vaporization models for use in combustion CFD codes often prioritize computational efficiency over model complexity. This leads to oversimplifying assumptions such as single component droplets or infinite liquid diffusivity. The previously developed Direct Quadrature Method of Moments (DQMoM) with delumping model demonstrated a computationally efficient and accurate approach to solve for every discrete species in a well-mixed vaporizing multicomponent droplet. To expand the method to less restrictive cases, a new solution technique is presented called the Coupled Algebraic-Direct Quadrature Method of Moments (CA-DQMoM). In contrast to previous moment methods for droplet vaporization, CA-DQMoM solves for the evolution of two liquid distributions by coupling a monovariate, homogeneous DQMoM approach with additional algebraic moment equations, allowing for a more complex droplet vaporization model with finite rates of liquid diffusion to be solved with computational efficiency. To further decrease computational expense, an approximation that employs the same nodes for both distributions can be used in certain cases. Finally, a delumping technique is adapted to the finite diffusivity model to reconstruct discrete species information at minimal computational cost. The model is proven to be accurate relative to a full discrete component model for both a kerosene droplet comprised of 36 species and a multicomponent droplet of 200 species while maintaining the computational efficiency of continuous thermodynamics models. The combined accuracy and computational efficiency demonstrated by the CA-DQMoM with delumping model for a multicomponent fuel droplet with finite liquid diffusivity makes it ideal for incorporation into CFD models for complex combustion process.


Accepted version. Fuel, Vol. 212 (January 15, 2018): 554-565. DOI. © 2018 Elsevier B.V. Used with permission.