Digraphs with Isomorphic Underlying and Domination Graphs: Connected UGc(D)
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The domination graph of a directed graph has an edge between vertices x and y provided either (x,z) or (y,z) is an arc for every vertex z distinct from x and y. We consider directed graphs D for which the domination graph of D is isomorphic to the underlying graph of D. We demonstrate that the complement of the underlying graph must have k connected components isomorphic to complete graphs, paths, or cycles. A complete characterization of directed graphs where k = 1 is presented.
Factor, Kim A. S. and Langley, Larry J., "Digraphs with Isomorphic Underlying and Domination Graphs: Connected UGc(D)" (2007). Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science Faculty Research and Publications. 452.