Localization of Transfected B7-1 (CD-80) in Human Melanoma Cells after Particle Mediated Gene Transfer
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Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate stable DNA transfection of M-21 human melanoma cells with particle-mediated gene transfer (PMGT) with B7-1 cDNA and to identify sites of gene integration. Stable B7-1 transfectants (M-21-B7) were obtained with PMGT using a plasmid vector containing cDNA for both B7-1 and neomycin phosphotransferase, with subsequent selection with G418. The transfected cells were flow sorted by B7-1 expression into two populations, bright and dim. The bright population had 85%–90% of cells expressing B7-1; the dim population had less than 50% of cells with B7-1 expression. Chromosome analysis with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and G-banding showed that 70% of bright cells had two main integration sites, with extensive amplification of the transgene. The dim population had random signal distribution, with little or no amplification, despite G418 selection. Because B7-1 has been mapped to 3q21, FISH was performed using a chromosome 3 painting probe (WCP) together with a probe for B7-1. In transfected bright M-21 cells, amplified genes that hybridized with the B7-1 construct were localized to chromosome 3 material inserted into marker chromosomes. These data suggest that B7-1 insertion may involve homologous recombination, but maintenance of integration and amplification required selection.