The Role of Positive Cognitions in Egyptian Elders’ Relocation Adjustment

Document Type




Format of Original

15 p.

Publication Date



SAGE Publications

Source Publication

Western Journal of Nursing Research

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

doi: 10.1177/0193945910381763


Relocation is a major life event for elders and it has been found to adversely affect their adjustment. Resilience theory suggests that adverse effects can be minimized if elders have positive cognitions. In addition, research has shown that positive cognitions are related to independence and healthy, productive lifestyles in older adults. Yet no studies have determined whether the relationship between relocation and adjustment is mediated or moderated by positive cognitions. This study examined these relationships in a sample of 94 cognitively intact elders (aged 60+ years) who had relocated to retirement communities in Alexandria, Egypt. Results showed that relocation controllability had direct effects on positive cognitions and on relocation adjustment. Positive cognitions had a moderating and a partial mediating effect on the relationship between relocation controllability and relocation adjustment. These findings suggest that it is imperative to develop interventions to enhance positive thinking for elders facing the need to relocate.


Western Journal of Nursing Research, Vol. 33, No. 1 (February 2011): 121-135. DOI.