Title

Physical Activity Effects on Depressive Symptoms in Black Adults

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2010

Publisher

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Source Publication

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Source ISSN

2166-5222

Abstract

Objectives

Randomized trials found physical activity (PA) effective in decreasing depressive symptoms. Few studies included Black participants. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to determine the effects of PA on depressive symptoms in Black adults.

Methods

Articles were abstracted by conducting a computer and hand search of eligible studies.

Results

Eight of 13 studies found a significant inverse relationship between PA and depressive symptoms in Black adults. Sources for the heterogeneity were explored.

Conclusion

Future studies should include representative samples of Black adults, incorporate a theory which considers multiple levels of influence, account for genetic factors in the etiology of depressive symptoms, include individuals diagnosed with depression and with health conditions which may increase the risk of depressive symptoms, account for intra-group ethnic heterogeneity, measure and differentiate between social support and social network, consider aspects of the physical environment and use standardized measurements of PA.

Comments

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice, Vol. 4, No. 2 (2010): 70-87. PMID: 22984655.

Kimberlee Gretebeck was affiliated with the University of Michigan at the time of publication.

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