Self-efficacy, Neighborhood Walking, and Fall History in Older Adults
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
This cross-sectional study examined the association of self-efficacy with neighborhood walking in older adult (mean age = 76.1, SD = 8.34) fallers (n = 108) and nonfallers (n = 217) while controlling for demographic characteristics and mobility. Hierarchical multiple regression indicated that the full model explained 39% of the variance in neighborhood walking in fallers (P < .001) and 24% in nonfallers (P < .001). Self-efficacy explained 23% of the variance in fallers (P < .001) and 11% in nonfallers (P < .001). Neighborhood walking was significantly associated with self-efficacy for individual barriers in both groups. Self-efficacy for neighborhood barriers trended toward significance in fallers (β = .18, P = .06). Fall history did not moderate the relationship between self-efficacy and neighborhood walking. Walking interventions for older adults should address self-efficacy in overcoming individual walking barriers. Those targeting fallers should consider addressing self-efficacy for overcoming neighborhood barriers.
Gallagher, N. A.; Clarke, P. J.; Loveland-Cherry, C.; Ronis, David L.; and Gretebeck, Kimberlee A., "Self-efficacy, Neighborhood Walking, and Fall History in Older Adults" (2015). College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications. 869.