Quality Improvement Approach to Reducing Admission Hypothermia Among Preterm and Term Infants

Document Type


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American Academy of Pediatrics

Source Publication

Hospital Pediatrics

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Original Item ID

DOI: 10.1542/hpeds.2020-003269


BACKGROUND: Newborns, particularly premature newborns, are susceptible to hypothermia when transitioning from birth to admission to the NICU, potentially leading to increased mortality and morbidity. Despite attention to this issue, our rate of admission hypothermia was 39.8%.

METHODS: We aimed to reduce the rate of admission hypothermia for all inborn infants admitted to our institution to

RESULTS: We demonstrated a reduction in admission hypothermia from 39.8% to 9.9%, which was temporally related to educational efforts and expanded use of chemical heat mattresses and polyethylene bags. There was not an increase in admission hyperthermia over this time period. We found that our group at highest risk of admission hypothermia was not our most premature cohort but those infants born between 33 and 36 6/7 weeks’ gestation and those infants prenatally diagnosed with congenital anomalies.

CONCLUSIONS: Expanded use of polyethylene bags and chemical heat mattresses can improve thermoregulation particularly when combined with staff education. Although premature infants have been the focus of many hypothermia prevention efforts, our data suggest that older infants, and those infants born with congenital anomalies, require additional attention.


Hospital Pediatrics, Vol. 11, No. 3 (March 2021): 270-276. DOI.