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American Society of Clinical Oncology

Source Publication

Journal of Clinical Oncology

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Original Item ID

DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2022.40.16_suppl.4157


Background: The use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has shown clear advantages in locally advanced and borderline resectable disease. The benefit in upfront resectable PDAC is debated. Moreover, in early clinical stages IA/IB, potential benefits including improved R0 resection rate, decreased tumor upstaging, and survival, are not clear. We hypothesize that NAC will be associated with improved outcomes and survival compared to adjuvant therapy in patients with clinical stage IA/IB PDAC. Methods: The National Cancer Database (NCDB) PUFs (2004-2017) were used to perform a retrospective review of patients with clinical stage IA or IB PDAC undergoing surgery. Treatment groups were selected based on timing of chemotherapy. Patients receiving chemotherapy or surgery alone were excluded. Results: We identified 6,613 patients with clinical stage IA or IB PDAC who underwent surgery. The neoadjuvant therapy group (NAT) included 1,533 patients who received neoadjuvant or perioperative chemotherapy, and the adjuvant therapy group (AT) contained 5080 patients who received chemotherapy after surgery. Patients in the NAT had higher rates of T1 and T2 disease and lower rates of T3 pathology compared to the AT (pT1: 18.7% vs 7.8%; pT2: 20.1 vs 18.6%; pT3: 59.3% vs 72.1%, pConclusions: NAC is beneficial in patients with stage IA/IB PDAC undergoing surgical resection as it is associated with improved oncologic outcomes including increased R0 resection rate, decreased tumor upstaging, lymph node metastasis, and LVI. Furthermore, patients receiving NAC were found to have improved survival over those getting adjuvant therapy. Based on these results, we recommend all patients diagnosed with PDAC be considered for NAC prior to surgery.


Accepted version. Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vol. 40, No. 16 (June 2022): 4157. DOI. © American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). Used with permission.

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