Document Type


Publication Date




Source Publication

Journal of Hospital Medicine

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

DOI: 10.1002/jhm.12785



Survivors of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) experience significant morbidity with reduced physical function and impairments in activities of daily living. The use of in-hospital rehabilitation therapy may reduce long-term impairments.


To determine the frequency of therapy referral and treatment amongst hospitalized COVID-19 patients, assess for disparities in referral and receipt of therapy, and identify potentially modifiable factors contributing to disparities in therapy allocation.

Design, Setting and Participants

Retrospective cohort study using data collected from the University of Colorado Health Data Compass data warehouse assessing therapy referral rates and estimated delivery based on available administrative billing.


Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the association between sex and/or underrepresented minority race with therapy referral or delivery.


Amongst 6239 COVID-19-related hospitalization, a therapy referral was present in 3952 patients (51.9%). Hispanic ethnicity was independently associated with lower odds of receipt of therapy referral (adjusted OR [aOR]: 0.78, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.67–0.93, p = .001). Advanced age (aOR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.46–1.62, p < .001), greater COVID illness severity (aOR for intensive care unit admission: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.37–1.94, p < .01) and hospital stay (aOR: 1.14, 95% CI: 1.12–1.15, p < .01) were positively associated with referral.

Conclusions and Relevance

In a cohort of patients hospitalized for COVID-19 across a multicenter healthcare system, we found that referral rates and delivery of physical therapy and/or occupational therapy sessions were significantly reduced for patients of Hispanic identity compared with patients of non-Hispanic, Caucasian identity after adjustment for potential confounding by available demographic and illness severity variables.


Accepted version. Journal of Hospital Medicine, Vol. 17, No. 2 (February 2022): 88-95. DOI. © 2022 Society of Hospital Medicine. Used with permission.

Jacob Capin was affiliated with the University of Colorado, Aurora at the time of publication.

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