Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Format of Original

8 p.

Publication Date

9-2016

Publisher

Elsevier

Source Publication

Social Science and Medicine

Source ISSN

0277-9536

Original Item ID

DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.07.026; PubMed Central: PMC4994523

Abstract

The tobacco industry has developed an extensive array of strategies and arguments to prevent or weaken government regulation. These strategies and arguments are well documented at the domestic level. However, there remains a need to examine how these arguments are reflected in the challenges waged by governments within the World Trade Organization (WTO). Decisions made at the WTO have the potential to shape how countries govern. Our analysis was conducted on two novel tobacco control measures: tobacco additives bans (Canada, United States and Brazil) and plain, standardized packaging of tobacco products (Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, EU and UK). We analyzed WTO documents (i.e. meeting minutes and submissions) (n = 62) in order to identify patterns of argumentation and compare these patterns with well-documented industry arguments. The pattern of these arguments reveal that despite the unique institutional structure of the WTO, country representatives opposing novel tobacco control measures use the same non-technical arguments as those that the tobacco industry continues to use to oppose these measures at the domestic level.

Comments

Accepted version. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 164 (September 2016): 100-107. DOI. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Used with permission.

Available for download on Sunday, September 01, 2019

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