Associations Among Parent-Child Relationships and Cognitive and Language Outcomes in A Clinical Sample of Preschool Children
Format of Original
Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Objective: To examine associations among parent–child relationship characteristics and child cognitive and language outcomes. Methods: Preschool children (n = 72) with early neurological insult completed assessments of cognitive and language functioning and participated in a parent–child semi-structured interaction. Results: Quality of the parent–child relationship accounted for a significant amount of unique variance (12%) in predicting children’s overall cognitive and language functioning. Impact of neurological insult was a significant predictor. Conclusions: Caregiver–child interactions that are harmonious and reciprocal as evidenced by affective and/or verbal exchanges support children’s cognitive and language development. Observations of interactions can guide providers in facilitating child- and family-centered interventions.