Title

Stress and Decision Making: Effects on Valuation, Learning, and Risk-taking

Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Format of Original

7 p.

Publication Date

4-2017

Publisher

Elsevier

Source Publication

Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences

Source ISSN

2352-1546

Abstract

A wide range of stressful experiences can influence human decision making in complex ways beyond the simple predictions of a fight-or-flight model. Recent advances may provide insight into this complicated interaction, potentially in directions that could result in translational applications. Early research suggests that stress exposure influences basic neural circuits involved in reward processing and learning, while also biasing decisions toward habit and modulating our propensity to engage in risk-taking. That said, a substantial array of theoretical and methodological considerations in research on the topic challenge strong cross study comparisons necessary for the field to move forward. In this review we examine the multifaceted stress construct in the context of human decision making, emphasizing stress’ effect on valuation, learning, and risk-taking.

Comments

Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 14 (April 2017): 33-39. DOI.

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