Format of Original
Center for Scholastic Inquiry
Journal of Scholastic Inquiry: Behavioral Scienecs
This study reassessed the profiles of traits associated with stereotypic males and females in 2009- 2010 35 years after the Bern (1974) Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) was introduced. Qualitative changes could have resulted from other cultural trends toward occupational and educational equality or growing public awareness of the nature of gender roles. The adjectives appearing in the BSRI, which produces a measure of androgyny, were rated as stereotypically male, female, or neutral by 1075 undergraduates. Chi-square tests, which assigned adjectives to genders, indicated that most of the traits formerly associated with males are now considered neutral. The characteristic ''childlike," which formerly characterized women, now characterizes men. The female's stereotype was mostly unchanged although "theatrical'' appears to be added to their repertoire. There was little disagreement between the genders in the assignment of adjectives to stereotypes. Implications for the identity of American males are discussed.