Date of Award

Fall 1981

Degree Type

Thesis - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Fitts, Robert

Second Advisor

Miner, Lynn

Third Advisor

Nader, Charles


A new trend tOl-1ard "health activation" is emerging in the United States which emphasizes self-care and self-help to enhance health. The traditional "sick role" paradigm formulated by Parsons (cited in Harston, 1970) views the individual as passive, not held responsible for becoming ill, and expected to lay aside his usual activities and be taken care of. This is being transformed into relying on active, informed participants in health promotion. Health activation is an educational approach to health care that focuses on what individuals can appropriately do for themselves (Shirreffs, 1978). A belief in individuals is fostered which asserts that health behavior can and should be self-directed (Alderman, 1980; Shirreffs, 1978). People can understand more about . health and thereby take more responsibility for pursuing positive behavior change.



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