Date of Award

Spring 1990

Degree Type

Thesis - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Nursing

Abstract

With more women entering the work force, the positive and negative effects of their multiple roles are starting to be studied . This study investigated the perceptions of multiple role concurrence among professional registered nurses, who are married women with young children. A descriptive survey was sent to a random sample of 50% of all married nurses in a pediatric hospital. Seventy two respondents out of 136 returned the survey. A relationship among interrole conflict and enhancement was found to coexist. Common variables which supported the compatability of their worker and mother roles included satisfactory child care, flexible scheduling and support systems. Similar factors that conflicted with their dual roles included sick children and scheduling problems. Significant differences were found among respondents' age, pay status, amount of hours worked and educational level in relation to their perceptions of conflict and enhancement. Women with high enhancement score were order, working fulltime, with a MSN degree. Women with low conflict scores were also older. Salaried women displayed higher conflict than non-salaried. Based on these findings it is suggested that administrators recognize and implement retention strategies such as flexible scheduling, support systems and child care options.

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