Date of Award

Spring 1970

Document Type

Thesis - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering


The branch of the engineering profession known as Soils Engineering is approaching maturity in terms of formal organization, having begun in the first part of this century with the work of Karl Terzaghi. One thing learned very early in the history of Soils Engineering, even before Terzaghi's time, is that in working with soils, a naturally-occuring earth material reflecting all the vagaries of nature, the engineer must have as much information as possible about the deposits of it he may encounter. This was the case with engineers in the cities of Boston and Chicago, who were among the first to realize that in order to obtain as much information as possible on subsurface conditions, logical orderly investigation programs must be conducted. These two cities, faced with problems related to construction and growth, Boston with its problematical soils, and Chicago with its need and opportunity to rebuild after the fire of 1871, initiated such programs. These plans for investigating soils in a logical orderly fashion have since been recognized as necessary not only in a region with extreme soil conditions, or a region with a need to totally rebuild, but also in any region which is to benefit from the continued growth of Foundation and Soils Engineering knowledge. In Milwaukee the subsoil deposits have not been investigated in any logical orderly fashion. Thus, the major purpose of this thesis is to pioneer such investigations. To this end a soil which is often encountered in the design and construction of engineering works in Milwaukee has been selected to be the first to be subjected to a definitive analysis. An equally important purpose of this thesis is to determine whether there is any unique characteristic of this soil.



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