Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science
Power and energy consumption are critical constraints in data center design and operation. In data centers, MapReduce data-intensive applications demand significant resources and energy. Recognizing the importance and urgency of optimizing energy usage of MapReduce applications, this work aims to provide instrumental tools to measure and evaluate MapReduce energy efficiency and techniques to conserve energy without impacting performance.
Energy conservation for data-intensive computing requires enabling technology to provide detailed and systemic energy information and to identify in the underlying system hardware and software. To address this need, we present eTune, a fine-grained, scalable energy profiling framework for data-intensive computing on large-scale distributed systems. eTune leverages performance monitoring counters (PMCs) on modern computer components and statistically builds power-performance correlation models. Using learned models, eTune augments direct measurement with a software-based power estimator that runs on compute nodes and reports power at multiple levels including node, core, memory, and disks with high accuracy.
Data-intensive computing differs from traditional high performance computing as most execution time is spent in moving data between storage devices, nodes, and components. Since data movements are potential performance and energy bottlenecks, we propose an analysis framework with methods and metrics for evaluating and characterizing costly built-in MapReduce data movements. The revealed data movement energy characteristics can be exploited in system design and resource allocation to improve data-intensive computing energy efficiency.
Finally, we present an optimization technique that targets inefficient built-in MapReduce data movements to conserve energy without impacting performance. The optimization technique allocates the optimal number of compute nodes to applications and dynamically schedules processor frequency during its execution based on data movement characteristics. Experimental results show significant energy savings, though improvements depend on both workload characteristics and policies of resource and dynamic voltage and frequency scheduling.
As data volume doubles every two years and more data centers are put into production, energy consumption is expected to grow further. We expect these studies provide direction and insight in building more energy efficient data-intensive systems and applications, and the tools and techniques are adopted by other researchers for their energy efficient studies.