META-ANALYSES OF POST-ACQUISITION PERFORMANCE: INDICATIONS OF UNIDENTIFIED MODERATORS
King, DR, Dalton, DR, Daily, CM, & Covin, JG. 2004. Meta-analyses of Post-acquisition Performance: Indications of Unidentified Moderators. Strategic Management Journal, 25(2): 187-200.
Empirical research has not consistently identified antecedents for predicting post-acquisition performance. We employ meta-analytic techniques to empirically assess the impact of the most commonly researched antecedent variables on post-acquisition performance. We find robust results indicating that, on average and across the most commonly studied variables, acquiring firms’ performance does not positively change as a function of their acquisition activity, and is negatively affected to a modest extent. More importantly, our results indicate that unidentified variables may explain significant variance in post-acquisition performance, suggesting the need for additional theory development and changes to M&A research methods