European Journal of Organic Chemistry
Complexation of (tricarbonyl)iron to an acyclic diene serves to protect the ligand against oxidation, reduction, and cycloaddition reactions, whereas the steric bulk of this adjunct serves to direct the approaches of reagents to unsaturated groups attached to the diene onto the face opposite to iron. Furthermore, the Fe(CO)3 moiety can serve to stabilize carbocation centers adjacent to the diene (i.e. pentadienyl-iron cations). Recent applications of these reactivities to the synthesis of polyene-, cyclopropane-, cycloheptadiene-, and cyclohexenone-containing natural products or analogues are presented.