Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
In this paper, I theoretically analyzed ITC profiles for three-state equilibria involving ligand binding coupled to isomerization or dimerization transitions. Simulations demonstrate that the mechanisms where the free or ligand-bound protein undergoes dimerization (such that the ligand cannot bind to or dissociate from the dimer) produce very distinctive titration profiles. In contrast, profiles of the pre-existing equilibrium or induced-fit models cannot be distinguished from a simple two-state process, requiring data from additional techniques to positively identify these mechanisms.
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Kovriguine, Evgueni, "Resolving Three-State Ligand-Binding Mechanisms By Isothermal Titration Calorimetry: A Simulation Study" (2017). Chemistry Faculty Research and Publications. 577.