MQCT. I. Inelastic Scattering of Two Asymmetric-Top Rotors with Application to H2O + H2O
American Chemical Society
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
A mixed quantum/classical theory (MQCT) for the inelastic collision of two asymmetric-top rotor molecules is developed. In this method, the quantum state-to-state transitions between the rotational states of molecules (internal) are treated quantum mechanically using the time-dependent Schrodinger equation, whereas their relative translational motion (responsible for scattering) is treated classically, using the average trajectory approach. Two versions of the formula for transition matrix elements are presented: a straightforward approach that uses numerical multidimensional quadrature over all the internal degrees of freedom and a more standard analytic approach that uses the expansion of the PES over the basis set of spherical harmonics. Adaptation to the case of identical molecules scattering is presented and is applied to the rotational excitation of two water molecules, H2O + H2O, using the PES from recent literature. Calculations of collisional excitation from the ground state of the system into a number of low-lying excited rotational states are carried out in a broad range of energies. Analysis of computed opacity functions shows a rather unusual scattering regime, dominated by a strong anisotropic long-range interaction (dipole–dipole). The coupled-states (CS) approximation is tested and found to agree semiquantitatively (within a factor of 2) with the fully coupled version of the method. Differential cross sections for the elastic scattering indicate a very narrow forward scattering peak.