Document Type




Format of Original

14 p.

Publication Date




Source Publication

Water Research

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2009.01.010


This study evaluated pilot-scale photocatalysis and enhanced coagulation for their ability to remove or destroy disinfection byproduct (DBP) precursors, trihalomethane (THM) formation potential (FP), and THMs in two Arizona surface waters. Limited photocatalysis (/m3) achieved reductions in most of the DBP precursor parameters (e.g., DOC, UV254, and bromide) but led to increased chlorine demand and THMFP. In contrast, enhanced coagulation achieved reductions in the DBP precursors and THMFP. Extended photocatalysis (/m3) decreased THMFP once the energy consumption exceeded 20 kWh/m3. The photocatalytic energy requirements for THM destruction were considerably lower (EEO = 20–60 kWh/m3) than when focusing on precursor destruction and THMFP. However, rechlorination increased the total THM (TTHM) concentration well beyond the raw value, thereby negating the energy benefits of this application. Enhanced coagulation achieved consistent 20–30% removals of preformed THMs. Outstanding issues need to be addressed before TiO2 photocatalysis is considered feasible for DBP mitigation; traditional strategies, including enhanced coagulation, may be more appropriate.


Accepted version. Water Research, Vol. 43, No. 6 (April 2009): 1597-1610. DOI. © 2009 Elsevier. Used with permission.

Brooke Mayer was affiliated with the Arizona State University at the Tempe Campus at the time of publication.

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