Control Orientation: A Personality Dimension Among Alcoholics and Its Implications for Alcoholism Treatment
Date of Award
Dissertation - Restricted
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
This study was designed to identify the control orientation of alcoholics in varying stages of recovery. This study was further designed to identify the control orientation of an alcoholic treatment group during and after treatment to determine if any relationship existed between control orientation trends and treatment outcome. An additional concern of the study was to determine the nature of intercorrelations between the control orientation of alcoholics and the psychological variables of motivation, self-esteem, dependency and intelligence. And finally, the study attempted to determine the intercorrelations between staff ratings of an alcoholic's acceptance of his alcoholism and treatment outcome. Subjects for the first phase of the study were 96 white male alcoholics between 21 and 55 who were either involved in a treatment program at De Paul Rehabilitation Hospital or active members of Alcoholics Anonymous. The I-E. scale was administered to each subject. The initial pool of subjects were then screened by the author and placed into one of three groups (denial, surrender, responsibility) each representing a stage of recovery. Subjects for the second phase of the study were 40 white male alcoholics between 21 and 55 who were admitted to De Paul Rehabilitation Hospital and who were receiving treatment for alcoholism for the first time, Each subject was given the I-E scale and the Mindlin Attitude Questionnaire at admission, discharge and 90 days following discharge from the hospital, subjects were also rated by staff members at admission and discharge as to their acceptance of alcoholism, The final group consisted of 35 subjects, The other five subjects either refused to participate in the follow-up testing and interview or could not be located...