Comparison between Characterization and Diagnosis of Broken Bars/End-ring Connectors and Airgap Eccentricities of Induction Motors in ASDs using a Coupled Finite Element-state Space Method
Format of Original
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
This paper describes how a rigorous and comprehensive time-stepping coupled finite element-state space (TSCPE-SS) modeling technique can be utilized in diagnostics and differentiation between induction motor rotor (cage) abnormalities of broken bars/connectors and airgap eccentricities. The model is used for the computation of time-domain performance characteristics, such as the stator phase current waveforms and developed torque profiles including these abnormalities. This is followed by analysis of the current waveforms and torque profiles using fast Fourier transform to obtain their corresponding frequency spectra. Comparison between the TSCFE-SS model's simulation results, which correlate very well with theoretical results, clearly illustrate that rotor bar and/or end-ring connector breakages can be distinguished from static and dynamic airgap eccentricities. This paper also gives an interesting comparison between the effects and implications of these various rotor abnormalities on machine parameters and performance characteristics. Furthermore, the results indicate that frequency components reported earlier to be produced only by the combined effects of static and dynamic airgap eccentricity could be observed in case of either static or dynamic eccentricity. Finally, this paper demonstrates the possible opportunities that can be made use of in noninvasive detection of airgap eccentricities via TSCFE-SS and current signature techniques.