Document Type




Publication Date



Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)

Source Publication

2017 IEEE 6th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA)

Source ISSN



In this paper, we present a co-simulation framework that combines two main simulation tools, one that provides detailed multiple building energy simulation ability with Energy-Plus being the core engine, and the other one that is a distribution level simulator, Matpower. Such a framework can be used to develop and study district level optimization techniques that exploit the interaction between a smart electric grid and buildings as well as the interaction between buildings themselves to achieve energy and cost savings and better energy management beyond what one can achieve through techniques applied at the building level only. We propose a heuristic algorithm to do load balancing in distribution networks affected by service restoration activities. Balancing is achieved through the use of utility directed usage of battery energy storage systems (BESS). This is achieved through demand response (DR) type signals that the utility communicates to individual buildings. We report simulation results on two test cases constructed with a 9-bus distribution network and a 57-bus distribution network, respectively. We apply the proposed balancing heuristic and show how energy storage systems can be used for temporary relief of impacted networks.


Accepted version. "Load balancing with energy storage systems based on co-simulation of multiple smart buildings and distribution networks," published in 2017 IEEE 6th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA), 5-8 Nov. 2017. DOI. © 2018 IEEE. Used with permission.