Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
The recurrence theory for the breakdown probability in avalanche photodiodes (APDs) is generalized to heterostructure APDs that may have multiple multiplication layers. The generalization addresses layer-boundary effects such as the initial energy of injected carriers as well as the layer-dependent profile of the dead space in the multiplication region. Reducing the width of the multiplication layer serves to both downshift and sharpen the breakdown probability curve as a function of the applied reverse-bias voltage. In structures where the injected carriers have an initial energy that is comparable to the ionization threshold energy, the transition from linear mode to Geiger-mode is more abrupt than in structures in which such initial energy is negligible. The theory is applied to two recently fabricated Al 0.6 Ga 0.4 As-GaAs heterostructure APDs and to other homostructure thin GaAs APDs and the predictions of the breakdown-voltage thresholds are verified.
Hayat, Majeed M.; Sako ̆glu, Ünal; Kwon, Oh-Hyun; Wang, Shuling; Campbell, Joe C.; Saleh, Bahaa E.A.; and Teich, Malvin Carl, "Breakdown probabilities for thin heterostructure avalanche photodiodes" (2003). Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications. 528.
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