Date of Award


Degree Type

Master's Essay - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor



The idea now more or less readily accepted by all peoples , that there be a peaceful equality among the nations of the world, was for ages unheard of. The nations then were acquainted only with war and looked to it as their sole means of security. Even among the highly civilized Greek city-states, a few federations and leagues were attempted, but the measures of peace were so outweighed by the stronger desires for war that even their common race, language, and religion were unable to create a unified peace-loving Greek nation. It was only through the efforts of Alexander the Great that a powerful Greek Empire did come into existence, only ·to be superceded in turn by a more powerful nation.