Date of Award


Degree Type

Master's Essay - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

William D. Miller


There frequently have been close presidential elections in American history but few have been as colorful or as intriguing as the election of 1916. In that eventful race, two of America's greatest twentieth century statesmen fought for the position which had just recently become, "the most important job in the world."

In addition to being colorful, speculation surrounded the 1916 election on several accounts . For instance, to what extent did the issue of peace influence the voter that year? What role did "progressivism" and Progressive Party leaders play at the ballot box? How did the European-American vote affect the results?

The campaign and results were especially interesting in the Milwaukee area and it is my purpose to investigate the national campaign and its aspects in relation to Milwaukee.