Date of Award


Degree Type

Master's Essay - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)




Until the fourth century the deity of the Spirit was much the subject of theological reflection than the divinity of the on. This was due, in large measure, to its raising no special problem once the unity of the Father and Son was accepted: if the Godhead was not unitary, it seemed as easy to accept the notion of a triad as of a dyad. The arguments for the unity of two persons covered in principle the unity of three and, in fact, these same arguments were eventually extended when the controversies regarding the Spirit arose. The Nicene Creed merely affirmed belief "in the Holy Spirit" and the question of his position in the Godhead was not raised publicly for many years after Nicaea.