Date of Award


Degree Type

Master's Essay - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)




This paper attempts to show that the Baltic Republics made decisive economic and social advancements during their years of independence from 1918 to 1940. They worked hard for their independence and deserved to be included in the free nations of the world. However, their fate rested in the hands of the U.S.S.R. They were ruthlessly incorporated as Soviet republics in 1940 by the devious, carefully planned techniques of mutual assistance pacts and t he establishment of "people's governments" and "free elections" in typical Bolshevik fashion. Sovietization was accomplished through the methods of terror, genocide, collectivization, nationalization and control of education. An attitude of non-recognition tow8rd this outright Soviet conquest and incorporation was maintained by the United States, which is significant as it remains until today as the last symbol of hope for these peoples. Moreover, this tragic ch8pter in the history of the three Baltic states marks a grave loss to the western world and a decisive step in the Communist march toward world domination.