Document Type


Publication Date



Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

Source Publication

Sports Biomechanics

Source ISSN



People with chronic ankle instability (CAI) exhibit neuromuscular deficits. However, no study has investigated deficits in forces or force-generating capacities of individual muscles in people with CAI during dynamic tasks. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to estimate and compare peak forces and force-generating capacities of individual muscles during dynamic tasks in people with CAI and healthy controls (CON). Eleven people with CAI and eleven CON performed landing, anticipated cutting, and unanticipated cutting as motion capture, force plate, and electromyography data were recorded. A musculoskeletal model was used to estimate the force and force-generating capacity of lower extremity muscles. People with CAI exhibited greater gluteus maximus force and force-generating capacity than CON during all tasks. In addition, people with CAI exhibited greater force-generating capacity of the vastii muscles than CON during the unanticipated cutting task. These findings suggest that, during dynamic tasks, people with CAI exhibit a neuromuscular control strategy that is characterised by differences in peak forces and force-generating capacities of proximal muscles, which may allow them to compensate for previously described deficits in distal muscles.


Accepted version. Sports Biomechanics, Vol. 21, No. 4 (April 2022): 487-500. DOI. © 2022 Taylor & Francis (Routledge). Used with permission.

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