Document Type




Format of Original

25 p.

Publication Date

Summer 2007


Pittsburg State University

Source Publication

Journal of Managerial Issues

Source ISSN



This study examines the events that trigger individuals to consider the social exchanges involved in their employment relationships. Integrating social comparison and psychological contract literature streams, a parallel is drawn between system-referent comparisons and psychological contract evaluations. We hypothesize that self- and other-referent comparisons may be human triggers for engaging in this type of comparison. A variety of structural triggers are also proposed to influence psychological contract evaluations. This field study examines these primary and secondary contract makers as social comparison triggers. Results support the hypotheses that the triggers identified predict psychological contract evaluation and that psychological contract breach is correlated with these evaluations. Implications for future research and managerial practice are discussed.


Published version. Journal of Managerial Issues, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Summer 2007): 161-185. Publisher Link. © 2007 Pittsburg State University. Used with permission.

Included in

Business Commons