Both Nucleophile and Substrate Bind to the Catalytic Fe(II)-Center in the Type-II Methionyl Aminopeptidase from Pyrococcus furiosus

Document Type




Format of Original

3 p.

Publication Date



American Chemical Society

Source Publication

Inorganic Chemistry

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

doi: 10.1021/ic0487934


Metalloproteases utilize their active site divalent metal ions to generate a nucleophilic water/hydroxide. For methionine aminopeptidases (MetAPs), the exact location of this nucleophile, as well as of the substrate, with respect to the active site metal ion is unknown. In order to address this issue, we have examined the catalytically competent Fe(II)-loaded form of PfMetAP-II ([Fe(PfMetAP-II)]) in the absence and presence of both nitric oxide (NO) and the substrate-analogue inhibitor butaneboronic acid (BuBA) by kinetic and spectroscopic (EPR, UV−vis) methods. NO binds to [Fe(PfMetAP−II)] with a Kd of 200 μM forming an {FeNO}7 complex. UV−vis spectra of the resulting [Fe(PfMetAP−II)]−NO complex indicate that the Fe(II) ion is six coordinate. These data suggest that NO binding occurs without displacing the bound aquo/hydroxo moiety in [Fe(PfMetAP−II)]. On the basis of EPR spectra, the resulting Fe−NO complex is best described as NO- (S = 1) antiferromagnetically coupled to a high-spin Fe(III) ion (S = 5/2). The addition of BuBA to [Fe(PfMetAP-II)]−NO displaces the coordinated water molecule forming a six-coordinate adduct. EPR data also indicate that an interaction between the bound NO- and BuBA occurs forming a complex that mimics an intermediate step between the Michaelis complex and the tetrahedral transition-state.


Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 44, No. 5 (March 2005): 1160-1162. DOI.

Brian Bennett was affiliated with Medical College of Wisconsin at the time of publication.

Richard Holz was affiliated with Utah State University at the time of publication.