Synthesis, Molecular Structure, and Reactivity of Dinuclear Copper(II) Complexes with Carboxylate-Rich Coordination Environments
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American Chemical Society
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The dinucleating ligand N,N‘-(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-1,3-xylylene)bis(N-(carboxymethyl)glycine) (CH3HXTA) has been used to synthesize the dinuclear Cu(II) bis(pyridine) complex Na[Cu2(CH3HXTA)(Py)2]·1.5(1,4-dioxane) (Na(1)): triclinic space group P1̄ (a = 12.550(3) Å, b = 13.413(3) Å, c = 13.540(4) Å, α = 117.12(2)°, β = 104.70 (2)°, and γ = 92.13(2)°). The structure shows two distinct distorted square pyramidal Cu(II) centers with each Cu(II) ion bound by two carboxylate oxygen atoms, one amine nitrogen atom, a phenolate oxygen atom, and one pyridine nitrogen atom. The Cu--Cu separation is 3.531 Å, and the Cu1−O1−Cu2 angle is 123.7°. The phenyl ring of the CH3HXTA ligand is twisted relative to the Cu1−O1−Cu2 plane, and the resulting dihedral angle is 44.2°. The electronic absorption spectrum of 1 in aqueous solution at pH 3 suggests a shift toward trigonal bipyramidal Cu(II) coordination in solution. Spectral titration of Na[Cu2(CH3HXTA)(H2O)2] with L (where L = pyridine or sodium cyanide) results in complexes with terminal L groups. These exogenous ligands appear to bind in a positive cooperative stepwise fashion. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility data for 1 indicate that the Cu(II) ions are antiferromagnetically coupled (−2J = 168 cm-1). X-band EPR spectra of an aqueous solution of 1 shows isotropic signals with g = 2.14, while a powdered sample of 1 provides no EPR spectrum. A ΔMs = 2 transition at g = ∼4.5, expected for weakly magnetically coupled Cu(II) ions, is not observed for powdered samples but is observed for a methanolic solution sample of 1. On the basis of these data, the two Cu(II) ions are antiferromagnetically coupled in the solid state but due to a coordination geometry change become weakly ferromagnetically or antiferromagnetically coupled in solution. 1H NMR studies on a methanol solution of 1 are consistent with weak spin-coupling in solution.