Document Type

Marquette Only



Format of Original

3 p.

Publication Date



Catholic University of America Press

Source Publication

Catholic Historical Review

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

doi: 10.1353/cat.2012.0056


The 2002 opening of the Vatican archives to scholars through 1922 has enabled a series of highly illuminating publications on the modernist period, the most recent being the present volume. Claus Arnold introduces this superb collection with an astute observation:To understand the modernist crisis on its own terms, one must see it in the context of the struggle between Christianity and “modernity” from the early Renaissance to the present; ecclesiastical opponents saw modernism as but an acute phase of this age-old confrontation. Decisions made during this acute phase had, Arnold observes, precedents in Pope Leo XIII’s interventions regarding biblical criticism, which Pope Pius X escalated to a worldwide antimodernist campaign with chilling consequences lasting to the present day.


Published version. Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 98, No. 1, (January 2012): 145-147. DOI. © 2012 Catholic University of America Press. Used with permission.