Format of Original
Society for Neuroscience
Journal of Neuroscience
A major class of nicotinic receptors in the nervous system is one that binds α-bungarotoxin and contains the α7 gene product. PC12 cells, frequently used to study nicotinic receptors, express the α7 gene and have binding sites for the toxin, but previous attempts to elicit currents from the putative receptors have failed. Using whole-cell patch-clamp recording techniques and rapid application of agonist, we find a rapidly desensitizing acetylcholine-induced current in the cells that can be blocked by α-bungarotoxin. The current amplitude varies dramatically among three populations of PC12 cells but correlates well with the number of toxin-binding receptors. In contrast, the current shows no correlation with α7 transcript; cells with high levels of α7 mRNA can be negative for toxin binding and yet have other functional nicotinic receptors. Northern blot analysis and reverse transcription-PCR reveal no defects in α7 RNA from the negative cells, and immunoblot analysis demonstrates that they contain full-length α7 protein, although at reduced levels. Affinity purification of toxin-binding receptors from cells expressing them confirms that the receptors contain α7 protein. Transfection experiments demonstrate that PC12 cells lacking native toxin-binding receptors are deficient at producing receptors from α7 gene constructs, although the same cells can produce receptors from other transfected gene constructs. The results indicate that nicotinic receptors that bind α-bungarotoxin and contain α7 subunits require additional gene products to facilitate assembly and stabilization of the receptors. PC12 cells offer a model system for identifying those gene products.
Blumenthal, Edward M.; Conroy, William G.; Romano, Suzanne J.; Kassner, Paul D.; and Berg, Darwin K., "Detection of Functional Nicotinic Receptors Blocked by α-Bungarotoxin on PC12 Cells and Dependence of Their Expression on Post-Translational Events" (1997). Biological Sciences Faculty Research and Publications. 235.