Authors

Nico Eisenhauer, Leipzig University
Holger Schielzeth, Friedrich Schiller University Jena
Andrew D. Barnes, Leipzig University
Kathryn Barry, Leipzig University
Aletta Bonn, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Ulrich Brose, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Helge Bruelheide, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Nina Buchmann, Institute of Agricultural Sciences
Francois Buscott, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Anne Ebeling, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena
Olga Ferlian, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Grégoire T. Freschet, Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
Darren P. Giling, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Stephan Hättenschwiler, Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
Helmut Hillebrand, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Jes Hines, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Forest Isbell, University of Minnesota
Eva Koller-France, Institut für Geographie und Geoökologie
Birgitta König-Ries, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Hans de Kroon, Radboud University Nijmegen
Sebastian T. Meyer, Technical University of Munich
Alexandru Milcu, Université de Montpellier
Jörg Müller, University of Würzburg
Charles A. Nock, University of Frieburg
Jana S. Petermann, University of Salzburg
Christiane Roscher, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Christoph Scherber, University of Münster
Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, University of Freiburg
Bernhard Schmid, University of Zürich
Andreas Schuldt, University of Göttingen
Teja Tscharntke, University of Göttingen
Manfred Türke, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Nicole M. van Dam, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Fons van der Plas, Leipzig University
Anja Vogel, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Cameron Wagg, Fredericton Research and Development Centre
David A. Wardle, Nanyang Technological University
Alexandra Weigelt, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Wolfgang W. Weisser, Technical University of Munich
Christian Wirth, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Malte Jochum, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research

Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Publication Date

2019

Publisher

Elsevier

Source Publication

Advances in Ecological Research

Source ISSN

0065-2504

Abstract

Concern about the functional consequences of unprecedented loss in biodiversity has prompted biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (BEF) research to become one of the most active fields of ecological research in the past 25 years. Hundreds of experiments have manipulated biodiversity as an independent variable and found compelling support that the functioning of ecosystems increases with the diversity of their ecological communities. This research has also identified some of the mechanisms underlying BEF relationships, some context-dependencies of the strength of relationships, as well as implications for various ecosystem services that mankind depends upon. In this paper, we argue that a multitrophic perspective of biotic interactions in random and non-random biodiversity change scenarios is key to advance future BEF research and to address some of its most important remaining challenges. We discuss that the study and the quantification of multitrophic interactions in space and time facilitates scaling up from small-scale biodiversity manipulations and ecosystem function assessments to management-relevant spatial scales across ecosystem boundaries. We specifically consider multitrophic conceptual frameworks to understand and predict the context-dependency of BEF relationships. Moreover, we highlight the importance of the eco-evolutionary underpinnings of multitrophic BEF relationships. We outline that FAIR data (meeting the standards of findability, accessibility, interoperability, and reusability) and reproducible processing will be key to advance this field of research by making it more integrative. Finally, we show how these BEF insights may be implemented for ecosystem management, society, and policy. Given that human well-being critically depends on the multiple services provided by diverse, multitrophic communities, integrating the approaches of evolutionary ecology, community ecology, and ecosystem ecology in future BEF research will be key to refine conservation targets and develop sustainable management strategies.

Comments

Accepted version. Advances in Ecological Research, Vol. 61 (2019): 1-54. DOI. © 2019 Elsevier. Used with permission.

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